Aegle marmelos or bael has been known from prehistoric times in India with mythological importance. Each part of the tree like root, bark, fruit, leaf, and flower has therapeutic significance in Ayurvedic as well as other traditional medicinal systems in treating ailments. Modern researches have successfully supported the pharmacological action of bael by discovering the presence of valuable bioactive compounds. Studies have revealed the anti-oxidant, anti-microbial nature of bael which aids in inhibiting gastrointestinal problems, different cardiac issues.
Hepatoprotective, radioprotective, anti-diabetic, wound healing activities are also unveiled by bael. The aim of the present research work is to study the ethno-botanical importance of each part of the tree, nutritional and phytochemical profiling, preservation techniques of the fruit, and medicinal actions of it.